How Medications Can Help Addiction Treatment
To reduce the possibility of relapsing and to ease withdrawal symptoms, the use of other drugs during the treatment process has become quite common. In some cases, use of medicine assists users to keep away from the addictive substances. Intensive and most severe withdrawal symptoms cause many to go back to taking drugs. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. The adjustment of dosage in treatment is only made for user to achieve proper soberness.
Withdrawal symptoms and cravings can be eased with the help of medication that mimic the effect of the addictive substances.
Detoxing And Withdrawal
At the start of the program, the body goes through a process to remove the drugs from the system. This is cleansing or detox. Depending on what drug one has been taking and for how long, the rehab process can take many days to many weeks.
The hardest part of detoxification is having to deal with withdrawal symptoms. The exact nature of the drug use will determine how severe the withdrawal symptoms will be. Long-time drug users who took massive doses experience the most severe withdrawal symptoms.
There is a myriad of those symptoms that recovering addicts experience. Some of these are
- Sickness or feeling sick
- Convulsive attack
- Body pains
There are a list of different medications that can be used during detox. Some of the drugs prescribed are as follows
- Anxiousness and irritability are usually treated using these drugs.
- Stress is mostly associated with withdrawal from drugs like Cocaine and Heroin
- Benzodiazepines can help ease these side effects during withdrawal.
- Benzos are addictive so physicians are careful about prescribing those.
- A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
- When they stop taking the drugs, these people go through dejection and feelings of hopelessness.
- Until the brain is capable to generate joy - inducing chemicals by itself again, antidepressants, such as Zoloft and Prozac, can assist when it comes to alleviating these sensations.
- Sweating, aches, muscle pains and nervousness can be reduced by using Clonidine in the treatment of alcohol and opiate withdrawals.
- Additionally, Clonidine can put an end to tremors and convulsive attack.
The ones detoxing from alcohol or Benzodiazepines, such as Valium or Xanax, should never quit "cold turkey" since it may be fatal. The fact is there are always some difficulties associated with drug withdrawal but every withdrawal is not so deadly. There is a complete surety of success and security in detox.
Get in touch with an addiction specialist if you know someone who is struggling with addiction.
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Medications For Treating Alcohol Withdrawal
Severe and prolonged withdrawal symptoms that last for weeks or months are as a result of alcohol abuse over an extended period. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. This type of medication is usually in the form of a tablet taken each day.
For liquor addiction these medicines are included
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone is a drug that blocks the brain receptors that produce the pleasurable effects of alcohol.
- It stops the urge to take alcohol.
- There are side effects of using Naltrexone including headaches and nausea.
- Naltrexone is given in the form of a injection.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- The physical and emotional distress caused by alcohol dependency can be eased using this drug.
- It helps those who have gone through detox to stay sober.
- Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
- It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
- This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.
Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.
Medication For Treating Opiate Addiction
Some examples of opiates are Heroin and Morphine, and an example of narcotic painkillers is Oxycontin. Medications recommended for treating Opiate and Heroin addiction help in reducing the urge to take the drug and accompanying withdrawal symptoms. These medications are taken daily in the form of orally ingestible pills.
Some recovering addicts only go through withdrawal from Heroin and Opiate drugs for just a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. In some cases the withdrawals side effects can last for months or years. PAWS and cravings can be stopped by long-term medications. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.
Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows
- An Opioid, Methadone is used to help with detoxification from opiate drug dependencies.
- It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
- Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
- People become addict of Methadone in place of Heroin and painkillers if it is not use carefully.
- Every day, many doses of Methadone are dispensed by Methadone clinics.
- You can find out more about Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine works in a similar way to Methadone but does not need to be as closely regulated due to the possibility of addiction is far less.
- This medication can often be taken at home without having to go to the centre each day.
- Naltrexone works for both Opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
- Mostly, it puts an end to cravings.
- The same brain receptors are activated for both alcohol and Opiates.
Detoxing And Rehab
Drug addicts when they want to stop addiction sometimes will choose to detox without medical supervision. Choosing detox on your own is not only difficult but also more hazardous than detoxing with physician. To gain sobriety with no added health issues or risk of relapsing, a medically supervised detox is the best and safest mode. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.
It is wise to start the first step in addiction treatment with a medically supervised detox program.
Health complications are avoided in a medical detox program. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. The doctors keep the patient comfortable. In addition, they adapt any medicine dosages depending on the patient's requirements and durable programs for medication.
Other health problems can make detox more complex, therefore, medical detox should be sought. Problems such as high blood pressure can be worsened by detoxification. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.
Treatment centres offering inpatient treatment often include detox in the program. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. The patient is placed under consistent monitoring and observation the first week of rehab which is very crucial. To improve the odds of recovering successfully, rehabilitation usually includes treatments such as behavioural therapy.
Look for a rehab centre offering medically supervised detox for your friend, relative or yourself call 0800 246 1509.